Facial plast Surg 2012; 28(06): 575-583
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1329932
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Medical Management of Vascular Anomalies

Francine Blei
1  Vascular Birthmark Institute of New York, New York, New York
› Author Affiliations
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Publication History

Publication Date:
27 November 2012 (online)


The term “vascular anomalies” embraces a spectrum of medical conditions characterized by abnormal growth or development of blood and/or lymphatic vessels. Patient management is frequently provided in a multidisciplinary team approach, as there are many facets to evaluation and treatment. Clinical and basic research during the past decade has enhanced our knowledge, providing insight into possible etiologies, associated genetic mutations, cellular mechanisms modulating the development, and natural history of these disorders. Concomitantly, new therapeutic agents have been identified, which has transformed patient management. In this review, a brief overview of the field including an update in basic research is presented, followed by a discussion of current therapies and their purported mechanism of action.