Facial plast Surg 2019; 35(06): 565-577
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700800
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Surgical Management of Panfacial Fractures

1  Department of Otolaryngology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
,
Thomas S. Lee
1  Department of Otolaryngology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
,
2  Department of Otolaryngology, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
,
Dae Ik Yi
1  Department of Otolaryngology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
,
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya
3  Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
,
Yadranko Ducic
3  Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
› Author Affiliations
Funding No financial support was received.
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
29 November 2019 (online)

Abstract

The evaluation and management of a patient with panfacial fractures are multifaceted. Herein, we describe basic facial skeletal anatomy, considerations for airway securing, and common concurrent injuries. Finally, we discuss primary and secondary reconstructions of facial trauma including sequencing of repair, available landmarks, and the utility of intraoperative computed tomography imaging and virtual surgical planning with custom implants.