Facial plast Surg 2019; 35(06): 614-622
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1700799
Original Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

The Role of External Fixation in Trauma and Reconstruction of the Mandible in the Age of Rigid Fixation

1  Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
,
Thomas S. Lee
1  Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
,
Aurora Vincent
2  Department of Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery, Madigan Army Center, Tacoma, Washington
,
Mofiyinfolu Sokoya
3  Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
,
Derek Sheen
1  Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia
,
Yadranko Ducic
3  Otolaryngology and Facial Plastic Surgery Associates, Fort Worth, Texas
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
29 November 2019 (online)

Abstract

Internal rigid fixation is the gold-standard treatment for facial fractures, but there are some specific cases that are more amenable to external fixation (ex-fix) application. Herein, we discuss advantages and disadvantages to ex-fix in the modern treatment of comminuted mandible fractures, infected mandible fractures, fractures of the condylar region, oncologic mandibular resection, pediatric mandible fractures, and fractures in the edentulous patient.