Semin Liver Dis
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1697616
Review Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Peculiarities of Cirrhosis due to Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis (NASH)

Omar El-Sherif
1  Liver Unit, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
,
M.J. Armstrong
1  Liver Unit, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
2  NIHR Birmingham Biomedical Research Centre, Centre for Liver research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Publication Date:
19 September 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

The prevalence of cirrhosis due to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has increased 2.5-fold in the United States in the last decade. These patients pose new challenges to hepatologists given their older age and higher frequency of coexisting metabolic diseases such as obesity and diabetes compared with other etiologies of liver disease. Patients with NASH cirrhosis are at higher risk for renal and cardiovascular disease, and the presence of these extrahepatic comorbidities has a significant impact on outcomes and survival. This review outlines how NASH cirrhosis differs from other etiologies of cirrhosis including natural history, noninvasive assessment, and the challenges in the management of the complications of cirrhosis including hepatic encephalopathy and hepatocellular carcinoma. Nutritional assessment and the impact of sarcopenic obesity and frailty in this population, and strategies to address the latter, are discussed. This review also addresses liver transplantation in patients with NASH cirrhosis in relation to assessment and posttransplant care.

Authors' Contributions

O.E.S. and M.J.A. performed the literature search. O.E.S. wrote the first draft. M.J.A. edited the draft and approved the final manuscript.