Jnl Wrist Surg
DOI: 10.1055/s-0039-1688939
Scientific Article
Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

Radioscapholunate Fusion for Radiocarpal Osteoarthritis: Prognostic Factors of Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes

Benjamin Degeorge
1  Department of Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Peripheral Nerves Surgery, Lapeyronie University Hospital of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
2  Department of Hand Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centre Chirurgical Emile Gallé, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France
,
David Montoya-Faivre
2  Department of Hand Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centre Chirurgical Emile Gallé, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France
,
François Dap
2  Department of Hand Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centre Chirurgical Emile Gallé, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France
,
Gilles Dautel
2  Department of Hand Surgery, Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Centre Chirurgical Emile Gallé, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France
,
Bertrand Coulet
1  Department of Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Peripheral Nerves Surgery, Lapeyronie University Hospital of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
,
Michel Chammas
1  Department of Hand and Upper Extremity Surgery, Peripheral Nerves Surgery, Lapeyronie University Hospital of Montpellier, Montpellier, France
› Author Affiliations
Funding The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.
Further Information

Publication History

24 January 2019

09 April 2019

Publication Date:
28 May 2019 (eFirst)

Abstract

Background Radioscapholunate (RSL) fusion is a surgical option to manage radiocarpal osteoarthritis. Many authors upgrade the procedure by adding distal scaphoid excision with or without excision of the triquetrum. Our objective was to identify the prognostic factors for good clinical and radiographic outcomes of RSL arthrodesis.

Purpose Distal scaphoid excision improves both scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal osteoarthritis and radiocarpal fusion, and excision of the triquetrum is not critical to achieving satisfactory outcomes.

Methods In this retrospective and bicentric investigation, all wrists were managed with RSL fusion for posttraumatic radiocarpal osteoarthritis. A total of 85 patients were included and evaluated at the revision by clinical (pain, wrist motion, and strength), functional (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand questionnaire, Patient-Related Wrist Evaluation score, and Modified Mayo Wrist Score), and radiological (scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal, midcarpal osteoarthritis, and radiocarpal nonunion) examinations. We assessed prognostic factors for clinical and radiographic (osteoarthritis and nonunions) outcomes.

Results The average follow-up was 9.1 years (1–21.4). Work-related accidents adversely impacted the clinical outcomes, and distal scaphoid excision significantly improved them and decreased scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal osteoarthritis and nonunion. Neither distal scaphoid excision nor excision of the triquetrum influenced midcarpal osteoarthritis. Radiocarpal fusion was significantly promoted by memory staples and bone grafting.

Discussion Distal scaphoid excision should be preferred to improve the functional results while decreasing scaphotrapeziotrapezoidal osteoarthritis and radiocarpal nonunion rates. Excision of the triquetrum appears to be an alternative to radioulnar resection–arthroplasty to solve ulnocarpal impaction syndrome. Strict surgical procedure must be observed to promote RSL fusion combining solid bone fixation and the use of bone graft.

Level of evidence This is a level IV, case series, retrospective series.

Note

The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board and patients' written consent was systematically obtained.