J Pediatr Infect Dis
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1667152
Case Report
Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York

A Report of Five Child Tetanus Cases

Oksana Boyarchuk
1  Department of Children's Diseases and Pediatric Surgery, I Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
,
Lubov Volyanska
1  Department of Children's Diseases and Pediatric Surgery, I Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
,
Vira Synytska
1  Department of Children's Diseases and Pediatric Surgery, I Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
,
Grygoriy Korytsky
1  Department of Children's Diseases and Pediatric Surgery, I Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
,
Emilia Burbela
1  Department of Children's Diseases and Pediatric Surgery, I Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

22 December 2017

12 June 2018

Publication Date:
30 July 2018 (eFirst)

Abstract

We present five cases of generalized tetanus in children 5 to 13 years old, who were admitted to the intensive care unit of Ternopil Regional Children's Hospital (Western Ukraine) during the past 6 years (2012–2017). In our study, four children were unvaccinated and one received the full series of vaccinations. Proper vaccination in cases of infected wound may not prevent the development of the disease but improves the prognosis for recovery. Treatment of tetanus in Ukraine requires standardization of treatment protocols according to the World Health Organization recommendations, including making human tetanus immune globulin available, as specified by evidence-based medicine. Vaccines availability and education of physicians and parents about the benefits of immunization should be priority national health measures to prevent tetanus.