Thromb Haemost 1991; 66(04): 406-409
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1646428
Review Article
Schattauer GmbH Stuttgart

Are Admission Plasma Fibrinogen Levels Useful in the Characterization of Risk Groups after Myocardial Infarction Treated with Fibrinolysis?

Hans Pollak
1  The Ludwig-Boltzmann-lnstitut für Herzinfarktforschung, Vienna, Austria
,
Michael Fischer
2  Zentrallabor, Krankenhaus der Stadt Wien-Lainz, Vienna, Austria
,
Stephan Fritsch
1  The Ludwig-Boltzmann-lnstitut für Herzinfarktforschung, Vienna, Austria
,
Wolfgang Enenkel
1  The Ludwig-Boltzmann-lnstitut für Herzinfarktforschung, Vienna, Austria
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received 10 August 1990

Accepted 03 April 1991

Publication Date:
25 July 2018 (online)

Summary

The aim of our study was to prove or disprove the independent prognostic importance of fibrinogen after myocardial infarction. Plasma fibrinogen levels were determined on admission in 135 patients with an acute myocardial infarction and symptoms up to 4 h (mean: 1.8 h) immediately before starting fibrinolytic treatment with 1.5 mio U. streptokinase i.v. All patients were free from other diseases which are known to cause elevated fibrinogen levels. Coronary angiography was carried out in 87%. During a mean follow-up period of 26.2 months 31 coronary events could be observed in 26 patients: 18 reinfarctions, 6 cases of sudden death, and 7 coronary artery bypass graft surgeries because of new symptoms. While plasma fibrinogen levels were higher in smokers than in non-smokers (3.30 vs 2.94 g/l p = 0.011) and correlated with the number of involved coronary arteries (p = 0.08), values were similar in patients with and without coronary events during follow-up (3.07 vs 3.16 g/l, p = 0.70). This applied as well to univariate analysis as to multivariate Cox's regression model. We conclude that plasma fibrinogen levels determined very early in patients with acute myocardial infarction do correlate with other important prognostic variables, but have no independent prognostic importance.