Thromb Haemost 1991; 66(03): 361-367
DOI: 10.1055/s-0038-1646421
Review Article
Schattauer GmbH Stuttgart

Characterization of Epitheloid Cells from Human Omentum: Comparison with Endothelial Cells from Umbilical Veins

Y Latron
*  The Laboratory of Hematology, CHU Timone, France
,
M C Alessi
*  The Laboratory of Hematology, CHU Timone, France
,
F George
**  The Laboratory of Hematology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Marseille, France
,
F Anfosso
*  The Laboratory of Hematology, CHU Timone, France
,
P Poncelet
**  The Laboratory of Hematology, Faculty of Pharmacy, Marseille, France
,
I Juhan-Vague
*  The Laboratory of Hematology, CHU Timone, France
› Author Affiliations
Further Information

Publication History

Received 10 July 1990

Accepted 11 March 1991

Publication Date:
25 July 2018 (online)

Summary

Capillary cells represent 95% of the vascular bed, and cells from large and micro-vessels do not express identical functions. In order to study the hormonal regulation of plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1) secretion by human capillary cells we used epithelial cells from omental tissue (HOTMEC). As their endothelial origin is subject to controversy, we attempted to determine their characteristics by comparing them to human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC). Morphological and biological criteria were studied. By phase contrast microscopy HOTMEC elicited a cobblestone pattern similar to HUVEC. Weibel-Palade bodies were not found in the cytoplasm with electron microscopy. Fluorescence microscopy studies indicated that HOTMEC took up acetylated-LDL more intensely than HUVEC, and showed no staining for von Willebrand factor. The phenotype of HOTMEC was studied by flow cytometry using monoclonal antibodies (mo Ab) directed against epitopes either specific for endothelial cells or for mesothelial cells. We showed that in our preparations only 10% of cells reacted with mo Ab specific for endothelial cells. About 60% of the HOTMEC were labelled with an antibody directed against mesothelial cells. HOTMEC expressed fibrinolytic factors. Tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) levels in HOTMEC conditioned medium were 50 fold higher than those of HUVEC, and the PAI-1 secretions were identical in both cell types. Insulin which is known to increase PAI-1 synthesis by hepatocytes did not enhance the PAI-1 level either in HOTMEC or in HUVEC conditioned media. Our results suggested that morphological and functional methods did not allow discrimination between the cell types present in the omentum tissue. They also showed that the population obtained from the omental tissue by collagenase digestion is heterogeneous, with few cells expressing endothelial markers.