Facial plast Surg 2012; 28(06): C1-C2
DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1331513
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Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.

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Publication History

Publication Date:
27 November 2012 (online)

Post-test

  1. OK-432 sclerotherapy appears to be most eff ective in which type of lymphatic malformation?

    • Macrocystic

    • Microcystic

    • Mixed

    • Equally eff ective in all types of lymphatic malformation

  2. Patients with lymphatic malformations are at increased risk of which of the following immunodefi ciencies?

    • Neutropenia

    • Agammaglobulinemia

    • Lymphocytopenia

    • Severe combined immunodefi ciency

  3. Which of the following are the accepted criteria for PHACE syndrome?

    • Pedal edema, hemihypertrophy, ankle anomaly, cardiomyopathy, ear anomaly

    • Peripheral vascular disease, hemifacial anomaly, arteriovenous malformation, cancer, eczema

    • Posterior fossa or other central nervous system malformation, hemangioma (segmental), arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, eye anomalies

    • Ptosis, hemorrhage, asymmetrical face, cellulitis, erysipelas

  4. What drug is currently used for the treatment of hemangiomas requiring medical intervention and was discovered serendipitously for this indication?

    • Aspirin

    • Propranolol

    • Lovenox

    • Rapamycin

  5. What is the name for a benign vascular lesion that grows in utero, is present at birth, and gradually involutes postnatally?

    • Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia

    • Sturge-Weber syndrome

    • RICH

    • Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome

  6. Which of the following lesions characteristically show GLUT-1 positivity with immunohistochemistry, helping to distinguish it from other vascular lesions of infancy?

    • Rapidly involuting congenital hemangioma

    • Noninvoluting congenital hemangioma

    • Infantile hemangioma

    • Pyogenic granuloma

  7. All of these lesions are vascular tumors, except:

    • kaposiform hemangioendothelioma

    • cystic hygroma

    • tufted angioma

    • infantile hemangioma

  8. Which of the following vascular anomalies are typically associated with Kasabach-Merritt syndrome?

    • Infantile hemangioma

    • Port-wine stain

    • Venous malformation

    • Tufted angioma

  9. After the history and physical examination are completed, what is the initial diagnostic step for a patient with a suspected vascular lesion of the airway?

    • Ultrasound with color fl ow Doppler

    • Computed tomography scan of the head, neck, and chest

    • Magnetic resonance imaging scan of the head, neck, and chest

    • Flexible fi beroptic laryngoscopy

  10. Sclerosis of lymphatic malformations involving the airway

    • usually occurs in an unmonitored, offi ce-type setting

    • involves the injection of propranolol

    • is eff ective for macro- but not microcystic lesions

    • is unnecessary due to high propensity to spontaneously resolve